Know more about Git and Version Control

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Know more about Git and Version Control

If you've ever worked on a project, you know that it is necessary to keep track of changes being made, including who made them and when they were made. This becomes especially important when you encounter a bug or when you want to add new features to your code. That is why every codebase uses some sort of version control that tracks all the changes being made, along with who made them and when. Now, you might ask, what is the version control system?

What is a version control system?

Version control is a system that helps developers manage changes to their codebase over time. It allows multiple team members to work concurrently on a project. A version control system (VCS) tracks changes to a file or set of files over time. Developers can check out a file from the server, make changes, and check the file back in. The server then stores the new version of the file.

What is GIT?

Git is a free and open source version control system. Git and version control are the backbone of modern software development. Git is a version control system that is typically used for managing the source code of software projects. It's not a tool for directly controlling the content of a website. Git is a distributed version control system (DVCS) designed to track changes in source code during software development. Git is a version control system that developers use all over the world. It helps you track different versions of your code and collaborate with other developers. It is a system that records changes made to a file or a set of files.

Benefits of the Version Control System

The Version Control System is very helpful and beneficial in software development, developing software without using version control is unsafe. It provides backups for uncertainty. Version control systems offer a speedy interface to developers. It also allows software teams to preserve efficiency and agility according to the team scales to include more developers. Some key benefits of having a version control system are as follows.

  • Complete change history of the file.
  • Simultaneously working.
  • Branching & Merging

Type of version control system

1. Local Version Control Systems: This code is saved in the local system, not any other online platform. But this approach leadsto a higher chance of error.

2. Centralised Version Control Systems: The developers needed to collaborate with other developers on other systems. These systems have a single server that contains the versioned files, and some clients to check out files from a central place. If the server fails, No system can access data from another system.

3. Distributed Version Control Systems: Each developer maintains a complete copy of the repository on their local machine. This allows for offline work, faster local operations, and more robust branching and merging. Developers can commit changes to their local repository and then push them to remote repositories to share with others. If any server fails and other systems are collaborating via it, that server can restore any of the client repositories.

What is Github?

Github is a hosting provider which lets you host your code. It is a platform where you can collaborate with developers around the world on projects. There are other companies which also offer hosting services similar to Github, such as BitBucket and GitLab.


In this article, we have learned about Git and Version Control. Whether you're building your own projects or contributing to open- source endeavours, mastering Git is a superpower that every developer should possess.

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